Compilation of United States Air Force and United States Naval air operations throughout the Rolling Thunder campaign over North Vietnam, March 2, 1965 – November 2, 1968
Citing an attack by North Vietnamese gunboats on American Naval forces in the Gulf of Tonkin (now known to have never occurred), Congress approved a Resolution to give President Johnson the power to vastly escalate American military commitments to the war in Vietnam, resulting in the unleashing of more than a million tons of bombs, missiles, and artillery strikes on North Vietnam from 1965 to 1968. Congress abdicated its Constitutional responsibility to declare war. Many nations participated in the war with troop commitments. The combat use of American soldiers and marines dramatically increased, eventually reaching about 2.8 million soldiers and sailors fighting in Vietnam. About 58,000 American soldiers were killed and 304,000 wounded. About 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died, more than a million from the North. Civilian casualties exceeded two million.
Bits of tattered clothing, sandals and slippers that were found in mass graves are examined by South Vietnamese women who lost relatives in the 1968 Tet massacre